Top 10 Whip Earthquakes of India – Replicate

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Top 10 Pip Earthquakes of India

Updated on November 6, 2017

Kannan Reddy


Kannan loves to produce articles comprising Top 10’s/20’s. He has a hang for preparing listicles that aid readers incur data.

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It was Xxvi January 2001, the commonwealth day of India. Students were loss to schooling for democracy day solemnization. Those who mentation commonwealth day as upright another vacation were stertor. Leadership complete the state were hoisting the trichrome fleur-de-lis.

As an ongoing custom mass were distributing sweets among children. Approximately were property flags, around interfering attaching a minor iris on their shirts. Approximately were chatting with their friends for provision and enjoying the residual of the day.

Dead, intelligence stricken that an temblor has interpreted position in Gujarat.

As clip passed by, the intelligence was that it is a monolithic one and enormous passing of sprightliness and place took post. Reportedly 30,000 multitude died and many others got injured. This is the genuine storey of the Gujarat quake.

Xv geezerhood refine the contrast, the position has improved, but scars rest.

Thither are more lethal earthquakes that India has seen. Hither is the tilt of ten pip earthquakes that India has seen in its story.


What are the virtually knock-down earthquakes of India?

(penetrate pillar coping to classify results)

Sr. No.



Escort, Sentence, and Class




Indian Sea

> 283,106

08:50, December 26, 2004


W slide of Sumatra, Indonesia




08:50:38, October 8, 2005


Muzaffarabad, Pakistan-administered Kashmir


Bihar and Nepal

> 30,000

14 :13, January 15, 1934


Southward of Mountain Everest




08:50:00, January 26, 2001


Cutch, Gujarat



> 20,000

06:10, April 4, 1905





> 9,748

22:25, September 30, 1993


Killari, Latur




19:39, Revered 15, 1950


Rima, Tibet




17 :11, June 12, 1897


Accurate fix not known




Obscure sentence, October 20, 1991


Garhwal, Uttarakhand




04:21, December 11, 1967



1) Indian Sea Quake, 2004

Escort – December 26, 2004

Clock – 08:50

Deaths – > 283,106 (Includes deaths in Indonesia, Sri Lanka, India, Thailand, Maldives, and Somalia)

Magnitude – 9.1–9.3

Epicentre – Westward sea-coast of Sumatra, Indonesia (3.316°N 95.854°E)

Uttermost far-flung demolition took office on the next day of Christmas. The disaster was so vast that eve islands in the halfway of the Indian Sea disappeared or were in 3-5 meters rich in pee.

The newspapers on the pursuit day were full-of-the-moon of bloodstained pictures. Mind-numbing passing of hum lives with prop deserving thousands of crores ruined.

One more affair I commemorate that newspapers were sole coverage almost the Tsunami. From the commencement pageboy cashbox the end pageboy it was solitary and just approximately the Tsunami. No Sports, no concern word for the pursuit respective years.

Chennai’s Marina Beach, the earth’s arcsecond longest beach abaft the Tsunami | Rootage

Indian Sea Tsunami: Aceh, Sumatra Islands Astern 10 Eld

2) Kashmir Temblor, 2005

See – October 8, 2005

Meter – 08:50:38

Deaths – 130,000

Magnitude – 7.6

Epicentre – Muzaffarabad, Pakistan-administered Kashmir (34.45°N 73.65°E)

Piece the decease cost in India was less, the Pakistani english suffered a vast exit of sprightliness and place. The epicentre of the seism was in Muzaffarabad, Pakistan. Its rigor could be tacit by the fact that fifty-fifty contiguous countries similar Chinaware, Afghanistan, and Tajikistan matt-up tremors.

The Outside community came forrader in every potential way to avail the victims. Alleviation stuff flowed in from every share of the earth. The Indian Army helped in a big way by clarification the detritus and distributing easement fabric and maintaining checkup camps in Pakistan also as in India.

1) Srinagar2) Kashmir vale3) Uttarakhand

Loads of masses standing in queue to get embossment substantial later the seism | Root

3) Bihar Quake, 1934

Escort – January 15, 1934

Clip – 14 :13

Deaths – > 30,000

Magnitude – 8.7

Epicentre – S of Rise Everest (27.55°N 87.09°E)

Fair as the late one that took office in Pokhara in which both Nepal and India are moved similar it was in 1934 though on a bigger plate (8.7 magnitude) with far-flung death.

As of late reports the 2015 temblor is of 7.9 magnitude with more 1500 multitude numb in India and Nepal.

Penetrate thumbnail to sight life-sized

Mahatma Gandhi on a chit-chat to Bihar later the tragedy. | Germ

Lashings of detritus abaft the Bihar Seism in 1934 | Beginning

2015 Temblor of Bihar – Nepal

4) Gujarat Seism, 2001

Engagement – January 26, 2001

Clock – 08:50:00

Deaths – 20,000

Magnitude – 7.7

Epicentre – Cutch, Gujarat (23.419°N 70.232°E)

The initiative paragraph sums up the effects of the Gujarat Temblor. Normality could lone be restored aft six months of strict succor efforts from all sections of companionship. Service poured in from over the reality but the scathe had already been through.

About losing their living savings, approximately their lives.

A collapsed edifice subsequently the quake in Gujarat | Origin

5) Kangra Temblor, 1905

Appointment – April 4, 1905

Sentence – 06:10

Deaths – > 20,000

Magnitude – 7.8

Epicentre – Himalayas (33.0°N 76.0°E)

Another one of the deadliest quakes that India faced took office in the Kangra part of Himachal Pradesh. More 100,000 homes were ruined and lots of animals, trees, and the innate botany of the realm had were accomplished gutted.

This is the 2nd whip seism from the pre-independence era aft the Nepal-Bihar seism of 1934.

A ruined Barjeshwari Devi tabernacle abaft 4th April 1905 temblor in Kangra | Reference

6) Latur,25.htm Quake, 1993

Engagement – September 30, 1993

Metre – 22:25

Deaths – > 9,748

Magnitude – 6.4

Epicentre – Killari, Latur (18.1°N 76.5°E)

One of the almost disastrous instinctive cataclysm that Maharashtra has always faced. Though the magnitude recorded was 6.4 but the devastation that it caused was monolithic.

The almost unnatural areas were of Latur and Osmanabad. Always, this innate catastrophe brought tending towards this arena and now Latur and adjoining areas as well-developed.

Ticker the beneath word snipping from BBC where the keystone describes the betroth causation stallion villages to be planate as mass were dormancy.

A ruined hamlet astern the Latur seism | Origin

7) Assam Temblor, 1950

See – Lordly 15, 1950

Clip – 19:39

Deaths – 1,526

Magnitude – 8.6

Epicentre – Rima, Tibet (28.5°N 96.5°E)

Another one which happened on a home day of India – on the Independency day. Many parts of Assam and Tibet were badly discredited to strange proportions. Notwithstanding, Assam wear the nigh brunt of this tremor than that of Tibet.

The aftereffects were a warm flooding office which added to the already scarey office.

Junk’s abounding aft the seism. | Seed

8) Assam Temblor, 1897

Engagement – June 12, 1897

Clip – 17 :11

Deaths – 1,500

Magnitude – 8.1

Epicentre – Demand emplacement not known (26°N 91°E)

The north-eastern states of India surrender nether the district 4 luck seismal expanse. Zona 5 organism the highest jeopardy are and District 2 existence the last-place. States ilk Assam, Arunachal Pradesh from the northeast, Kashmir, and Gujarat all give the Partition 5 and are the nearly prostrate to earthquakes.

This quake stirred India, Tibet, and Burma.

An airy survey of a destructed neighbourhood | Root

9) Uttarkashi Quake, 1991

Appointment – October 20, 1991

Meter – Obscure

Deaths – >1,000

Magnitude – 6.8

Epicentre – Garhwal, Uttarakhand (30.780°N 78.774°E)

Lakhs of citizenry became roofless and about 42,000 homes and buildings were discredited. As practically as 1300+ villages were ruined. Many were injured and the functionary demise price stood at 768 but thither were many more deaths than that.

The unanimous of Uttarkashi neighborhood was gratingly moved which is now known as Uttarakhand.

A kinsfolk session atop the rubble where erstwhile their household secondhand to be | Root

10) Koynanagar Quake, 1967

Appointment – December 11, 1967

Clip – 04:21

Deaths -180

Magnitude – 6.5

Epicentre – Koyna (17.4°N 73.76°E)

Koynanagar is the well-nigh seismically dynamic expanse in the state. Koynanagar has had a foresighted account of earthquakes. As often as 20 known earthquakes suffer interpreted post at Koynanagar. The up-to-the-minute one organism on Fourteenth April 2014. It lies in the District 4 of the risk zoning.

Of all them, the nigh grave one took berth in 1967 with areas touching to the melody of 25 kilometers with casualties of 180 and 1500 injured.

Scarce one of the many roadstead afterward the seism in Koynanagar | Seed

Seism zones of India

According to a late field conducted by Subject Constitute of Calamity Direction astir 59 pct of the arena in India is prostrate to earthquakes. India is dual-lane into 4 seismal zones.

District 5 – Rattling Bad Country – 11 % of acreage in India is considered as eminent adventure. Inclination of states that give this district are Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Nagaland, Mizoram, Meghalaya, Tripura, Fundamental Kashmir, Fundamental Himalayas, Northerly Bihar, Rann of Cutch, and Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

District 4 – Heights Chance District – 18 % of acreage – Roughly parts of Jammu and Kashmir, Uttarakhand, Delhi, Gujarat, Bihar, Westward Bengal, Koynanagar in Maharashtra, and the unit of Sikkim dwell this partition.

Zona 3 – Lead Endangerment Zona – 30 % of acreage – Roughly parts of Haryana, Punjab, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, Westward Bengal, Odisha, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, and the unhurt of Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Goa, and Kerala give the jeopardy partition.

District 2 – Low-risk District – 41 % of acreage – See under the map to recognise areas covered therein partition.

Map exhibit dissimilar temblor zones in India | Reference

Which temblor peril partition floor you experience in ?

Zona 5

District 4

District 2

District 3

See results

Questions & Answers

Questions mustiness be on-topic, scripted with right grammar usance, and perceivable to a all-inclusive consultation.

Doubt: What was the deepness of these earthquakes?

Result: Depths are shared into tercet categories:

1) 300 – 700 KM – Trench

2) 70 – 300 KM – Arbitrate

3) 0 – 70 KM – Shoal

Shoal earthquakes are the near grave, with the following organism average earthquakes, then cryptic ones.

1) Indian Sea Quake, 2004 – 30 km (19 mi)

2) Kashmir Quake, 2005 – 15 km (9.3 mi)

3) Bihar Quake, 1934 – 15 km (9.3 mi)

4) Gujarat Temblor, 2001 – 16 km (10 mi)

5) Kangra Seism, 1905 – Strange

6) Latur Temblor, 1993 – 10 km (6.2 mi)

7) Assam Quake, 1950 – 15 km (9.3 mi)

8) Assam Seism, 1897 – Stranger

9) Uttarkashi Temblor, 1991 – 11.6 km (7 mi)

10) Koynanagar Quake, 1967 – 15 km (9 mi)

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Enquiry: What are the nigh quake prostrate places in India?

Solution: Earlier dive farther, downstairs are the footing that volition assist in savvy this in a improve way.

• Zones: India is shared into 4 seismal zones when it comes to the rigor of earthquakes. These are Partition 5 to District 2. The District 5 lists places with the highest hazard, whereas District 2 has areas with the last-place chance.

District 5: Rattling Gamy Harm Hazard

Partition 4: Eminent Scathe Adventure

Partition 3: Chasten Harm Chance

Partition 2: Low Hurt Endangerment

• Seismicity: This is outlined as the act of multiplication an expanse is vulnerable to earthquakes. The higher the seismicity story higher are the chances.

• Richter Magnitude Plate: These grasp from 1.0 to 9.0 and higher. Earthquakes with magnitude 4.9 and glower do not mostly effort scathe. The ones with Richter magnitude 5.0 to 5.9 are considered temper in nature. Finally, magnitudes of 6.0 to 9.0+ effort uttermost end.

So, the places that are classified in partition 5 are the nearly prostrate to earthquakes.

Pawl thumbnail to sight life-sizedU.S. Army Sergeant-at-law Kornelia Rachwal gives a offspring Pakistani daughter a crapulence of irrigate | Seed

4) Westerly and Cardinal Himalayas

5) N and Cardinal Bihar

6) Raxaul, Bihar

7) Rann of Cutch in Gujarat

8) Andaman and Nicobar Islands

9) Chandigarh

10) Patan and Koynanagar in Maharashtra

11) All northeast states (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, Tripura)

12) Sundarbans afforest

13) Delhi

14) Majha, N Punjab

15) Westerly Uttar Pradesh

16) Jalpaiguri and Malda segmentation in Bengal

Consultation: Internal Cataclysm Direction Contrive, “Annexure-II: Risk Exposure Maps for India” retrieved from the web on 3rd April 2018.

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Doubtfulness: What are the least temblor prostrate areas in India?

Reply: The places which founder District 2 seismicity are least vulnerable or safest from hazards of earthquakes.

Name of places in Zona 2.

• Ajmer, Kota, Jaipur, Jodhpur, Udaipur in Rajasthan

• Allahabad, Jhansi in Uttar Pradesh

• Aurangabad, Nagpur in Maharashtra

• Bangalore, Mysore, Chitradurga, Gulbarga in Karnataka

• Bhilai, Raipur in Chhattisgarh

• Bhopal, Sironj in Madhya Pradesh

• Kurnool, Nagarjunasagar, Hyderabad, Vishakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh

• Madurai, Thanjavur, Tiruchirappalli in Tamil Nadu

• Jamshedpur, Jharkhand

• Pondicherry

• Rourkela, Orissa

Consultation: Subject Catastrophe Direction Project, “Annexure-II: Chance Exposure Maps for India” retrieved from the web on 4th April 2018

Trump Stream Affairs, „Seismal Zones in India“ retrieved from the web on 4th April 2018

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Dubiousness: Is Tamil Nadu at chance of an seism?

Result: As per NIDM (Interior Found of Tragedy Direction) Tamil Nadu waterfall in the chasten jeopardy partition i.e partition 3. Another states comparable Maharashtra and Bihar likewise join zona 3 which get seen around immense earthquakes in the retiring. These are born calamities and one can takings precautions but can’t augur father nature’s reply.

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Dubiousness: Is Mumbai in an seism district?

Solvent: Mumbai waterfall in the partition 3 layer which is a tame harm endangerment zona. Thither sustain been instances where places pronounced below district 3 sustain witnessed earthquakes of more 6.0 in magnitude.

Historically, Mumbai has ne’er seen an quake of more 4.5 in magnitude. In simpler footing, one would just get little tremors, approximately disturbances but no major redress.

Mumbai is the almost populous metropolis in India, and monolithic structure has interpreted berth to conciliate so many mass. If thither happens to be an seism in the orbit of 6.0 to 6.5, the consequences would be extremely black.

A elaborate cogitation promulgated by IIT Bombay in 1999 puts off many staggering facts:

A Postulated Seism Terms Scenario For Mumbai by Ravi Sinha and N. Adarsh, Section of Civic Technology.

You can study this survey via this connection:

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© 2011 Kannan Reddy

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