About Kashmir Agreement

The Indian Independence Act of 1947 laid the legal basis for the British withdrawal from the subcontinent and guaranteed partition. On June 3, 1947, a status quo agreement was drawn up by the British-Indian government to ensure that „all administrative arrangements between the British Crown and the Spring State be maintained without amendment between the signatory states (India and Pakistan) and the State until new agreements are reached.“ At the time of independence, different parts of the Indian subcontinent were under different types of administrative arrangements. Mainly, there were two types of jurisdiction, the principalities, large and small, governed by princes and hereditary provinces that were directly under British administration. The British Raj had separate contracts and agreements with several princely states for a variety of objectives, such as the construction and maintenance of roads and power supply facilities, railways, communications equipment, including poles, telegraph and wireless, flights, taxes, currency and coins, external affairs, etc. With the expulsion of the British Raj, these contracts would be automatically cancelled. Thus, the new Ministry of Foreign Affairs, in agreement with the spring chamber (composed of the sovereigns of princes), has reached an agreement to ensure that these administrative arrangements remain unchanged (i.e. deadlock) until the drafting of the new Constitution. Almost all princely states that had such treaties and agreements with the British Raj signed a status quo agreement with the Dominion of India membership instrument. British rule over the Indian subcontinent ended in 1947 with the creation of new states: the lords of Pakistan and India as the post-war country of British India. The British Paramountcy on the 562 Indian primary states ended. Under the Indian Independence Act of 1947, „Her Majesty`s sovereignty over the Indian States is extinguished and therefore all treaties and agreements in force between Her Majesty and the leaders of the Indian States at the time of the enactment of this Law.“ [36] [37] It was then left to the states to decide whether they wanted to join India or Pakistan or remain independent. Jammu and Kashmir, the largest of the prime states, had a predominantly Muslim population, ruled by the Hindu Maharaja Hari Singh. He decided to remain independent because he expected the State`s Muslims to be unhappy with India`s membership and that Hindus and Sikhs would become vulnerable if he joined Pakistan.

[38] [39] On 11 August, Maharadja dismissed its Prime Minister, Ram Chandra Kak, who had spoken in favour of independence. Observers and scientists interpret this action as a propensity to join India. [39] [40] The Pakistanis decided to anticipate this eventuality by searching Kashmir by force if necessary. [41] Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, Deputy Prime Minister, in charge of the Ministry of State, presented the IoA of J-K with those signed by 116 other government states before the CA-L on November 19, 1947. [21] Kashmir is inscribed on #68 in Schedule I Part A of the paper deposited on the table of the house. The ICO`s signature date is October 26, 1947 and the date of its adoption is October 27, 1947. Several authors have expressed doubts about this data. This is an area that I intend to do next, which is why I will not be speaking on this at this time.

In a „Letter to the American People“ written by Osama bin Laden in 2002, he said that one of the reasons he fought against America was his support for India on the Kashmir issue. [255] [256] During a trip to Delhi in 2002, U.S. Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld suggested that Al Qaeda was active in Kashmir, although it lacked solid evidence. [257] An investigation conducted in 2002 by a Christian Science Monitor journalist claimed to have found evidence that Al Qaeda and its subsidiaries were flourishing in Pakistan-run Kashmir with the tacit agreement of pakistan`s INTER-Services Agency (ISI). [259] In 2002, a team of Special Air Service and Delta Force personnel was sent to Indian-managed Kashmir to hunt at Osama

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