Aptta Agreement

The APTTA agreement allows Afghan trucks to transport exports to India to the Wagah crossing point via Pakistan,[7][7] but does not offer Afghanistan the right to import Indian goods via Pakistani territory,[17] lest Indian goods end up on the Pakistani black market, as was the case in 1965 under the ATTA. Instead, Afghan trucks dumped in Wagah can return to Afghanistan, which are loaded only with Pakistani goods instead of Indian goods[18] to prevent the creation of a black market for Indian goods in Pakistan. In 2015, Afghan President Ashraf Ghani clarified that Tajikistan can only be included in the trade agreement when Indian products have the right to export goods to Afghanistan via Pakistani territory,[29] which is in direct contradiction to Articles 5 and 52 of the signed agreement, which prohibits this right to Indian carriers and goods. [33] [34] The 2010 agreement replaces the 1965 Afghanistan transit agreement, which granted Afghanistan the right to import duty-free goods through Pakistani seaports, particularly Karachi. [3] The 1965 agreement did not see Pakistan as the right to export goods to the Soviet Union or the Central Asian republics after the fall of the USSR, nor did it see the right to export goods. [4] In early March 2016, the Afghan government reportedly responded to requests to use Afghanistan as a corridor to Tajikistan, after abandoning requests for reciprocal access to India via Pakistan. [38] The revised transit trade agreement is expected to be signed by April 2016. [39] The United States stressed the importance of a revised transit agreement between Pakistan and Afghanistan to revitalize the trade route along the ancient Silk Road between South Asia, Central Asia and the Middle East. [10] Due to the inadequacies of ATTA, a new treaty between Afghanistan and Pakistan was needed, which allowed Afghanistan to access Indian markets and Pakistan to have reciprocal access to Central Asian markets via Afghanistan – much more stable until 2010 than in the last 20 years.

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